8. Steve Biko —
A student leader, Stephen Bantu Biko founded the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa which would empower and mobilize much of the urban Black population. A martyr of the anti-Apartheid movement, the young man was so feared, so powerful that the government would not allow him to speak to more than one person. He could not hold public court or concert without raising the ire of the authorities.
His murder occurred in police custody, but while living, his writings and activism attempted to empower Black people. His slogan, "Black is beautiful," became synonymous with self-love and improvement within urban communities all over the world.