Mississippi Baby Born With HIV ‘Functionally Cured’

Doctors and scientists say that a baby born with HIV in Mississippi two years ago has been ‘functionally cured’ of the virus.

The unidentified child was put on antiretroviral therapy hours after birth and has been off medication for a year, showing no signs of infection, ABC News reports. The breakthrough case was announced Sunday (March 3) at Atlanta’s 2013 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections.

The report was released by The Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR). Its director Dr. Rowena Johnson says the infant was diagnosed with HIV at birth to a mother who did not receive prenatal care or HIV treatment.

Dr. Johnston added that it was the early prescription of three medicines (AZT, 3TC, nevirapine) immediately after birth that made the difference. “If one had to make an educational guess, the difference was receiving the treatment dose very soon after birth, earlier than standard of care in the U.S.,” she said.

If the child remains healthy, this would mark the second person cured of the AIDS-causing virus.

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